• August 15, 2019

Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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It also grows in China and Japan. Thompson only analyses North American forms of the diploid variety in her treatment, and does not analyse the morphology of Asian forms of the diploid variety. According to Thompson the primary morphological distinction between the triploid and the North American forms of the diploid is made by the number of prominent leaf veins, the diploid having a single prominent midvein and on both sides of this equally raised secondary veins, the triploid having a single prominent midvein with the secondary veins barely distinct.

In modern Egypt it is thought to have aphrodisiac properties. Thompson in her Ph. Nickel, is a major environmental pollutant known for its clastogenic, toxic and carcinogenic properties. Effect of Acorus calamus L. For the Penobscot people this was a very important root.

An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

Communication – constituents of essential oil”. Louis; ; accessed at http: The essential oil of A. Effect of Acorus tatarinowii schott on ultrastructure and permeability of blood-brain barrier.

This page was last edited on 27 Novemberat Scientific Latin in Latin. Twenty eight chemical constituents were identified in A. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi, Several research groups have evaluated antioxidant potential of plants of Acosrus spp. An in aforus study. Another study by Tong et al. In Penobscot homes, pieces of the dried root were strung together and hung up for preservation.


Constiruents sweet flag can easily be distinguished from iris and other similar plants by the crimped edges of the leaves, the fragant odour it emits when crushed, and the presence of a spadix. A study by Hazra et al.

Later, this enzyme was isolated and purified from the leaf epidermal cells and lumen tissues of xylem. In addition to “sweet flag” and “calamus” other common names include beewortbitter pepper rootcalamus rootflag rootgladdonmyrtle flagmyrtle grassmyrtle rootmyrtle sedgepine rootrat root, sea sedgesweet cane, sweet cinnamonsweet grasssweet myrtlesweet rootsweet rushand sweet sedge.

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Free radicals and other ROS have been recognized as an important causative factor in the development of neurodegenerative disorders. The plant was a favorite of Henry David Thoreau who called it “sweet flag”and also of Walt Whitmanwho added a section called the ” Calamus ” poems, to the third edition of Leaves of Grass A covering spathe, as is usual with Acoraceae, is absent.

Acorus calamus – Wikipedia

In habit it resembles the iris, and has calzmus its name to the flag iris, I. Food and Drug Administration. Some other constituents like caryophyllene, isoasarone, methyl isoeugenol and safrol present in lesser amounts have also been identified in the extracts of rhizomes and roots Namba, ; Wang et al.

In this section we have discussed several important but less studied bioactivities of Acorus species. The rhizome extract and volatile oil of A. The diploid strains of Constituentz.

Structures of some constktuents constituents isolated from Acorus species. In vitro acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of the essential oil from Acorus calamus and its main constituents. In the poems the calamus is used as a symbol of love, lust, and affection. A fraction of Acorus calamus L. Acorus calamus also called sweet flag or calamusamong many common names [2] is a species of flowering planta tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceaein the genus Acorus.


Connstituents Journal of Plant Sciences, Constiituents genus Acorus comprises 40 species, however, only few species like Acorus calamus Linn. They did not require metal ions for their activity however affected by high concentrations of denaturants like urea, thiourea and guanidine hydrochloric acid Bains et al.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

It was introduced into Western Europe and North America for medicinal purposes. Aromatic oils obtained by alcoholic extraction of the rhizome are used in the pharmaceutical and oenological industries Du et al. The fact that the plants and their products may be implicated in alleviating diseases via modulation of immune response s has directed researchers for screening of plants for anti-inflammatory properties.

Prevention of oxidative damage and hyperproliferation response in rat kidney. Studies of chemical composition of Acorus spp. Also, both extracts prevents convulsion-related GABAergic neuron damage in the brain in the prolonged pentylenetetrazol kindling model Liao et constitueents. According to Heng Li, Guanghua Zhu and Josef Bogner in the Flora of China there is clear overlap in these characteristics and the different cytotypes are impossible to distinguish morphologically.

Although these preliminary reports have clearly indicated the potential of A. A muskrat spirit came to a man in a dream, telling chemocal that he the muskrat was a root and where to find him.

This section does not cite any sources. Acortatarins A and B, two novel antioxidative spiroalkaloids with a naturally unusual morpholine motif from Acorus tatarinowii.

The list of important bioactivities of the Acorus spp. Asarone inhibits adipogenesis and stimulates lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This study would be very useful for those conducting researches on bioactivity screening in Acorus spp. Besides, more new active constituents possessing important bioactive properties are being isolated and identified from Acorus spp.